1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Although the available agro-ecological conditions are not sufficiently exploited, agriculture in the municipality of Račka plays a very important role in its overall economy. It is the leading industry in terms of production, as well as the employment of the active population.
The crop production is the basic basic branch of the municipality’s agriculture, it includes the production of cereals, industrial plants, vegetables, and livestock fodder plants. Farming is mainly subordinate to livestock and represents a feeding stock for cattle breeding.
In the territory of the municipality of Račka beside the Rača municipality in the settlements of the municipality of Rijeka there are 12959 permanently inhabited inhabitants in 4196 households.
1.2. Land types
In the valleys of the Jasenica and Raca rivers and their larger tributaries, alluvium is present, on terraces and in the lower hillsides, and at the upper hillsides, there are absolutely predominantly gardens. Accordingly, the raven area presents in the pedogenetic view of the true mountain range.
Of the total arable land, about 27.8% are highly to medium-sized soils that require measures to neutralize excess acidity.
Alluvial levels of Rače and Jasenica are suitable for crop, livestock and livestock production, and non-foliage, in addition to fruit growing, predominantly for fruit growing, viticulture and livestock grazing.
There is a moderate continental climate with four seasons in the territory of the Reka municipality. It is important to point out that there are no significant temperature restrictions for cultivation of all important crop and vegetable crops, as well as the largest number of fruit crops, almost all types of continental – Central European fruit are represented.
2. PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND
The current state of protection of agricultural land in the Raca municipality requires primarily the taking of measures to prevent the use of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes, to take measures to prevent the fragmentation of arable agricultural land, to conduct regular soil fertility control and protection against Polish damage.
3. AGRICULTURAL LAND DEVELOPMENT
The average size of the estate – 4.04 hectares.
The average size of the parcel of agricultural land is 0.36.08 ha
The consolidation of agricultural land was not carried out on the territory of the municipality of Rača, it is necessary to take measures on the development of the program of land consolidation.
The channel network for irrigation and drainage was not built in any cadastral municipality. This problem is especially pronounced in drought periods, so it is a limiting factor for the cultivation of certain agricultural crops, also in periods of high groundwater level, and a large amount of atmospheric precipitation of certain areas have been flooded, so it is necessary to take measures on the construction of the canal network.
Polish roads were significantly damaged and a large number of them were completely destroyed (too early, unregulated, etc.). Large areas of agricultural land are usurped by the owners and users of agricultural land. The shape and width of the Polish roads are unsuitable and impenetrable for the passage of modern machinery, since all Polish roads originate from the time of the original diameter 1931-1933. years.